“Our commitment must be to remember the victims who perished, respect the survivors still with us, and reaffirm humanity's common aspiration for mutual understanding and justice.”
-- Declaration of the Stockholm International Forum on the Holocaust
Before the Second World War there were thirty Jewish communities with some 25,000 members in the area of the present-day Republic of Croatia, and only about 20% survivors lived to see the end of the war. Most of them perished in the concentration camps of the Independent State of Croatia (ISC), especially in the Jasenovac complex, but significant number also outside of the ISC territory, mainly in Auschwitz. Those who survived mostly joined the partisan movement. Following from these facts three dates are tied to the commemoration of the anti-fascist movement and remembrance of the victims of fascist terror in Croatia: The International Day of Commemoration in Memory of the Victims of the Holocaust (27th January), the Day of Remembrance of the Breakout of Prisoners from Jasenovac Concentration Camp (22nd April) and the Anti-Fascist Struggle Day (22nd June).
Becoming a full member of IHRA in 2005, the Republic of Croatia has significantly advanced its activities in the field of research, remembrance and education about the Holocaust. Cooperation has been established between institutions in the Republic of Croatia and Yad Vashem (Israel), the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum (USA), Jewish Foundation for the Righteous (USA), University of Southern California Shoah Foundation Institute for Visual History and Education (USA), Anne Frank House (The Netherlands), and other institutions in countries that are IHRA's members. This cooperation has increased the number of realized projects and project proposals from the Republic of Croatia that apply for co-financing with IHRA.